KALYAN CITY LIFE

Sharing Wisdom and Vivid Memories of Life

About

Kalyan City is a fast emerging residential township in the Thane district of Maharashtra state, India. It is a central suburban town and resides 54 kms north-east of Mumbai. This blog regularly shares quality academic materials. Here we also document our unique experiences and vivid memories of life. Read our lucid informative articles to excel your understanding, knowledge and success.

Team

Articles published on Kalyan City Life blog are inspired from our work experience, field research, study of various good books and papers, seminars and consultations from subject scholars. Our unique collection of useful study notes is an outcome of a team effort and hard work of Gaurav Akrani, Prof. Mudit Katyani and Manoj Patil.

yin yang

Worlds Top 10 Most Poisonous Venomous Deadliest Snakes



World's Top 10 Most Poisonous Venomous Deadliest Snakes



No doubt, snakes are the deadliest, venomous creatures, yet are the most beautiful creation of mother nature. Snakes as always are wonderful species of our eco system. As like other wild creatures, their existence too is indeed important to maintain nature's ecological balance. Snakes never attack humans willingly else they get aggressive only when are hurt or disturbed without warning. It's their natural wild instinct of self-defense that force any venomous snake to strike. In fact, as much as we fear snakes, they too fear humans and other bigger species. Deadly snakebite is always a worst hazardous accident. Lack of proper medical treatment on time can cause a major physical damage to an injured, may even prove fatal. Good knowledge, smart approach and scientific understanding of top venomous serpents can help us clarify many misconceptions about these wonderful wild species.

most poisonous snakes

Following snake article provides you brief info on world's top 10 most dangerous / venomous / toxic snakes and also essential tips on, How to avoid a deadly snakebite? Enjoy reading this informative snake article.

Note! Please Read This Important Disclaimer ↓



Information below is compiled by referring various resources (books, newspapers, magazines, etc.) which may or may not be edited well, verified or accurate in nature. The data below is compiled by author of this blog. The information below is shared merely for educational or entertainment purpose. After referring data below, please do verify its correctness on your own from other valid and authentic resources, if possible do consult experts e.g. a Herpetologist. Author of this site nor any of its related parties shall be held accountable or do take responsibility for any social, legal, political, religious, educational, health, economical consequences, if arising, by referring contents on this website. Users, referrers or readers discretion is highly recommended. Lastly, by accessing this webpage it is assumed that you accept this disclaimer note willingly & agree it faithfully (without any force, pressure, doubts, etc.). Information published on this website is a mere personal opinion and shall not be considered as an expert's advice. This is for your kind notice as the blog's / website's intention is to educate and not misguide any of its valued readers. Further, you're welcome to take active participation in discussion below and submit your queries, suggestions, if any, via the comment-box on this webpage.

Top 10 Deadliest Snakes Rankings are based on an aggregate study and comparison of individual snake's toxicity (LD50 test values used), its personality, body size, recorded human deaths, maximum capacity to inject a venom (volume), type of venom, symptoms of bite, victims' medical studies, new research information, etc. Following list is an outcome of a global survey.

Additional Note :- World's Top 10 Most Venomous, Toxic Snakes' rankings below are likely to change in the future with new research and studies. In the following article, I'm purposefully and constantly using words like 'the most poisonous', 'poisonous', 'the most deadliest', 'deadliest', 'deadly', 'the most venomous', 'venomous', etc. This is done just to maintain my writing style, presentation and balance seo of the article. Here all such words must be considered as a synonym actually saying 'The Most venomous or Toxic'.

belcher sea snake



Hydrophis Belcheri - Most Venomous Snake



Snake's Record : Inland Taipan is not world's most toxic venomous snake else rightly saying it is terrestrial world's most toxic land snake on earth. Neither it is Beaked Sea Snake (Enhydrina schistosa). Snake which is 100 times more venomous than Taipan, Beaked Sea Snake or any other snake on earth is Hydrophis Belcheri.

Record's Disagreement : Some snake enthusiasts and herpetologists may not agree with above sentence and would either name Beaked Sea Snake (Enhydrina schistosa) or the Inland Taipan (Oxyuranus microlepidotus) as having most toxic venom than Belcheri.

Record's Agreement : But present situation is changing, more recent studies and better results of improving experiments have suggested and compelled majority of scientific world to accept 'Hydrophis Belcheri' as the real contender No.1. Even literary world seems to be in agreement with this as many recent encyclopedias says it's 'Hydrophis Belcheri". For example :- To verify this, please refer reputed DK'S ILLUSTRATED FAMILY ENCYCLOPEDIA, Edition 2007, page no. 918, lower bottom under title 'Most Venomous Animals' and read the first sentence. Finally majority always wins and recent researches and new data seems to be in favor of Belcheri, so whether you agree or not, Belcher's Sea Snake remains the most venomous snake on planet earth.



hydrophis belcheri



Belcher's Sea Snake ( Hydrophis Belcheri )



Snake's Description : Hydrophis Belcheri's thin body is usually chrome yellowish in colour and is surrounded by dark greenish bands. Head is short and has same color as that of bands. Its mouth is very small but suitable for aquatic life. Its body when viewed outside water appears having fainted yellow colour.

Snake's Names : Its scientific name 'Hydrophis Belcheri' was given by John Edward Gray in 1849 which commemorates the British Naval officer and explorer Sir Edward Belcher (1799-1877). Hydrophis comes from Greek, here 'hydro' = water and 'ophis' = serpent, belcheri comes from latin here 'belonging to man named belcher'. It is also referred as Faint Banded Sea Snake and Belcher's Sea Snake.

Snake's Characteristics : Hydrophis Belcheri is a sea snake. Its scales are different from other snakes and they overlap each other. Dorsal pattern does not extend on to venter, it has scales with a central tubercle. It is highly compressed at the rear end of the body and has a short head. Abdominal board is very narrow or non-existent. Like other sea snakes it also has a paddle-like tail which make him an expert swimmer. It rarely goes on land, eats fish and shellfish. It breaths air, has valves over its nostrils that close underwater. It can hold its breath for as long as 7 to 8 hours while hunting and even sleeping but then has to come over water surface for a quick breath of air. It is a docile specie and not aggressive at all. It is usually active at night. It may deliver a provoked bite only after repeated severe treatment. It usually bites fishermen handling nets but only 1/4th of those bitten are envenomated since Hydrophis Belcheri rarely injects any venom. Few milligrams (mg) of Belcheri's myotoxic venom is enough to kill an estimate of more than 1000 people. If Belcheri injects, sure death within few minutes. Painful death may even take less time depending on victim's body size and time taken by infected blood to reach its vital organs. It is the most toxic venomous specie of snake known to date and holds a record in Guinness Book.

Snake's Length : Hydrophis Belcheri range from 0.5 to 1 meter in length.

Snake's Distribution : Its main habitat is the Ashmore Reef in the Timor Sea off north-western coast of Australia. It is also found in seas of Indonesia and the South Pacific, having been recorded in the Philippines near Visayan and Panay islands, Gulf of Thailand, Sulawesi, New Guinea, Fiji, Kiribati, and the Solomon Islands.

Hydrophis Belcheri (Belcher's Sea Snake) is not ranked nor included in my top tens due to its non-terrestrial nature and limited human encounters. Even if it bites it rarely injects any venom, though being most venomous it is not most dangerous at all.



inland taipan oxyuranus scutellatus



Inland Taipan ( Oxyuranus Microlepidotus )

  • Western or Inland Taipan (Oxyuranus Microlepidotus) (Fierce Snake),
  • Central Ranges Taipan (Oxyuranus Temporalis),
  • North-West Australian Taipan (Oxyuranus Scutellatus Barringeri),
  • Papuan Taipan (Oxyuranus Scutellatus Canni), and
  • Costal Taipan (Oxyuranus Scutellatus Scutellatus).

Snake's Description : Generally Taipans are uniformly olive or dark brown, the head is somewhat darker brown.

Snake's Toxic Rank 1 : Inland Taipan is the world's most venomous land snake. Its bite is synonymous with death. Maximum survival time recorded after Taipan's bite is not more than few hours. Without prompt medical assistance its victim has rarest chance of recovery. Taipans are divided into following five sub-species viz; Western or Inland Taipan (Oxyuranus microlepidotus) or (Fierce Snake), Papuan Taipan (Oxyuranus s. canni), Common or Coastal Taipan (Oxyuranus scutellatus), Central Ranges Taipan (Oxyuranus temporalis) and North-West Australian Taipan (Oxyuranus scutellatus barringeri). Here Inland Taipan (Fierce snake) is the most toxic specie of all. Maximum yield recorded from a single bite of Inland Taipan is 110 mg. Just few mg of Inland Taipan's venom is enough to kill over 100 people or 250,000 mice. Australia's Western or Inland Taipan or Fierce Snake is the world's most toxic terrestrial snake. (Ranked No.1)

Snake's Characteristics : It is considered as the most venomous land snake on earth. Many people believe Taipans are very aggressive but the fact is that they are docile creatures. Yes they have an aggressive disposition only when mishandled or disturbed without warning. When aroused, Taipan can display a fearsome appearance by flattening its head, raising it off the ground, waving it back and forth, and suddenly striking with such speed that the victim may receive several bites before it retreats. Its venom is a powerful neurotoxin, causing respiratory paralysis.

Snake's Habitat : At home in a variety of habitats, Inland Taipan are found from the savanna grasslands to the inland dry plains of Australia. Where as 'Oxyuranus scutellatus' are often seen in forests and open woodlands. Very less or no information; regarding newly discovered Central Ranges Taipan (Oxyuranus temporalis).

Snake's Length : Average Taipan's length is 1.8 meters and maximum of 3.7 meters.

Snake's Distribution : Taipans (Oxyuranus scutellatus) are found in Northern Australia and Southern New Guinea. Whereas Inland Taipan (world's most toxic land snake) are found in Central Australia. Papuan Taipan (Oxyuranus s. canni) are found in New Guinea.



Inland Taipan's Streaming Youtube Videos




Common Krait Bungarus Caeruleus


Comman Indian Krait ( Bungarus Caeruleus )


Snake's Description : Comman Indian Krait is black or bluish-black in colour with white narrow crossbands and a narrow head.

Snake's Toxic Rank 2 : Comman Indian Krait is world's No.2 venomous snake. It is highly venomous snake after Inland Taipan (Oxyuranus microlepidotus).

Snake's Characteristics : Kraits are found only in Asia. This poisonous snake is of special concern to man. It is 15 times more deadly than any common cobra. It is active at night and relatively passive during the day. The native people often step on kraits while walking through their habitats. The krait has a tendency to seek shelter in sleeping bags, boots and tents. Its venom is a powerful neurotoxin that causes respiratory failure. Comman Indian Krait is most venomous snake of indian peninsula. In other words, it is the most venomous snake of India, Sri-Lanka and Pakistan.

Snake's Habitat : Comman Indian Krait's habitat include open fields, human settlements and dense jungle.

Snake's Length : Comman Indian Krait's average length is about 90 centimeters and maximum of 1.5 meters.

Snake's Distribution : Comman Indian Krait are found in India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan.

Snake's Photos : The Comman Indian Krait's photo gallery.


Comman Indian Krait's Streaming Video



philippine cobra naja philippinensis


Philippine Cobra ( Naja Philippinensis )


Snake's Description : Philippine Cobra is a relatively small stocky brown snake.

Snake's Toxic Rank 3: Philippine Cobra is the world's No.3 venomous snake. Extremely poisonous snake after Common Indian Krait. Please don't judge this snake on its small size, it is most deadliest snake from Philippine.

Snake's Characteristics : Philippine Cobras are recognized by the hoods that they flare when angry or disturbed. The hoods are created by the extension of the ribs behind the cobras' heads. Philippine Cobras are famous for their use by oriental snake charmers because they respond well to visual cues. Philippine Cobra is Philippines most poisonous snake.

Snake's Habitat : Philippine Cobra's habitat also include open fields, human settlements and dense jungle.

Snake's Length : Philippine Cobra's average length is usually up to 100 centimeters.

Snake's Distribution : As it name says Philippine Cobras are found in Philippine Islands.


Philippine Cobra's Streaming Video



king cobra ophiophagus hannah


King Cobra ( Ophiophagus Hannah )


Snake's Description : King Cobra is uniformly olive, brown or green in colour with rings like cross bands of black.

Snake's Toxic Rank 4 : Famous Giant King cobra is the world's No.4 venomous snake. Extremely venomous after Philippine Cobra.

Snake's Characteristics : Although King Cobra is the largest venomous snake in the world and it has a disposition to go with this honor, it causes relatively few bites on humans. It appears to have a high degree of intelligence. It avoids attacking another venomous snake for fear of being bitten. It feeds exclusively on harmless species of other snakes. King Cobra usually prefers eating non-venomous species, but if is too hungry may attack other venomous snakes like Common Kraits, other Cobras, and even eat its own specie (i.e Other King Cobras). King Cobra is a cannibal and also eats its own specie. Hence called 'Ophiophagus' which means 'a snake eater'. The female King Cobra builds a nest then deposits her eggs in it. Lying close by, she guards the nest and is highly aggressive towards anything that closely approaches the nest. King Cobras can inject more milligrams (mg) of venom than any other snake. Its venom is a powerful neurotoxin. Without prompt medical aid, death is certain for its victims.

Snake's Habitat : King Cobra's habitat includes dense jungle and even cultivated paddy fields.

Snake's Length : King Cobra's average length is 3.5 meters and maximum of 5.5 meters.

Snake's Distribution : King Cobras are found in Thailand, Southern China, Malaysia Peninsula, Southern India (especially in rain forests of western ghats) and Philippines.


Giant King Cobra's Streaming Videos



russell viper vipera russellii


Russell's Viper ( Vipera Russellii )


Snake's Description : Russell Viper has a light brown body with three rows of dark brown or black splotches bordered with white or yellow extending its entire length.

Snake's Toxic Rank 5 : Russell's viper is the world's No.5 Venomous snake. Its too a highly venomous snake.

Snake's Characteristics : Russell Viper is a dangerous specie abundant over its entire range. It is responsible for more human fatalities than any other venomous snake. It is irritable. When threatened, it coils tightly, hisses and strikes with such speed that its victim has little chance of escaping. Its hemotoxic venom is a powerful coagulant, damaging tissue and blood cells.

Snake's Habitat : Russell Viper's habitat varies from farmlands to dense rain forests. It is commonly found around human settlements.

Snake's Length : Russell Viper's average length is 1 meter and maximum of 1.5 meters.

Snake's Distribution : Russell Vipers are found in Sri-Lanka, Southern China, India, Malaysian Peninsula, Java, Sumatra, Borneo and surrounding islands.


Russell Viper's Streaming Video



Black Mamba Dendroaspis Polylepis


Black Mamba ( Dendroaspis Polylepis )


Snake's Description : The Black Mamba, largest of the species, is uniformly olive to black. It mouth has a black internal lining. Thus named Black Mamba. There is also another specie of Mamba called Green Mamba, it looks yellowish-green in colour.

Snake's Toxic Rank 6 : Africa's most feared toxic snake Black Mamba is the world's No.6 venomous snake. Black Mamba is highly toxic and notoriously aggressive.

Snake's Characteristics : The Black Mamba's nickname is "bottom up snake", the victim supposedly has time for one quick drink before death. As said earlier, it is the dreaded snake species of Africa. Treat it with great respect and always stay away from it. Mamba is not only highly venomous but also aggressive and its victim has very little chance to escape from a bite. Its venom is highly neurotoxic. Hence Black Mamba's bite is always 100% fatal if antivenom is not administered quickly. Despite the name this snake is actually brownish-gray in colour. When threatened, it opens its mouth wide and gives the victims a good view of the black internal lining of its mouth. Black Mamba is the fastest land snake in the world, reaching top speeds of 16-19 km/hr in short bursts.

Snake's Habitat : Black Mamba's habitat also varies from farmlands to dense rain forests. It is also commonly found around human settlements and sometimes even on trees.

Snake's Length : Black Mambas can grow up to 4.3 meters in length.

Snake's Distribution : Black Mambas are found in African savannas and open woodlands.


Black Mamba's Streaming Videos



yellow jawed tommygoff bothrops asper


Yellow Jawed Tommygoff ( Bothrops Asper )


Snake's Description : Yellow-Jawed Tommygoffs are locally referred to as 'Fer-de-lance' or 'Terciopelo', has variable coloration, from gray to olive, brown or reddish, with dark triangles edged with light scales. Triangles are narrow at the top and wide at the bottom.

Snake's Toxic Rank 7 : Yellow-jawed Tommygoff is the world's No.7 venomous snake.

Snake's Characteristics : The Yellow-jawed Tommygoff has an irritable disposition and may strike with little provocation. Heat-seeking fangs help it strike accurately even in the dark. This highly poisonous snake is responsible for a high mortality rate. The female fer-de-lance is highly prolific, producing up to 60 newborns. The venom of this species is hemotoxic, extremely painful and hemorrhagic (causes profuse internal bleeding). Its cytotoxic venom also causes massive tissue destruction. See proof in picture below.

tissue necrosis snakebite

Snake's Habitat : Fer-de-lance are found on cultivated land and farms, they often enter houses in search of rodents.

Snake's Length : Average length of Fer-de-Lance is about 1.4 meters and maximum of 2.4 meters.

Snake's Distribution : Yellow-Jawed Tommygoffs or Fer-de-lance are found Southern Mexico, throughout Central and South America.


Fer-De-Lance Pit Viper's Video



multibanded krait bungarus multicinctus


Multibanded krait ( Bungarus Multicinctus )


Snake's Description : Multibanded Krait is black or bluish-black in colour with narrow white bands.

Snake's Toxic Rank 8 : Multibanded Krait is the world's No.8 venomous snake.

Snake's Characteristics : The Multibanded Krait is most active at night. Its venom 'Alpha-Bungarotoxin' is a powerful neurotoxin. Its victims are usually fishermen who untangle these deadly snakes from large fish nets.

Snake's Habitat : Multibanded Kraits are often found in aquatic areas hunting for fish, frogs or other snakes.

Snake's Length : Multibanded Krait's average length is in range of 1.8 meters.

Snake's Distribution : Multibanded Kraits now rare in wild, are most preferred edible snakes in China. Found near islands of Southern China Sea, Taiwan, Vanuatu, Fiji, etc.


Banded Krait's Streaming Video



tiger snake notechis scutatus


Tiger Snake ( Notechis Scutatus )


Snake's Description : Tiger Snake are olive to dark brown in colour above with yellowish or olive belly and crossbands. Its subspecies in Tasmania and Victoria are uniformly black.

Snake's Toxic Rank 9 : Tiger Snake is the world's No.9 venomous snake.

Snake's Characteristics : Tiger Snake is a dangerous poisonous snake found in Australia. It is very common and bites many humans in Australia. It has a very potent neurotoxic venom that attacks the nervous system. When aroused, it is aggressive and attacks any intruder. It flattens its neck making a narrow band. Its venom is produced in large quantities, with an average yield 35mg and a record of 180mg.

Snake's Habitat : Tiger Snakes have many habitats from arid regions to human settlements and along waterways to grasslands.

Snake's Length : Tiger Snake has an average length of 1.2 meters and maximum of 1.8 meters.

Snake's Distribution : Tiger Snakes are found in Australia, Tasmania, Bass Strait islands and New Guinea.


Black Tiger Snake's Video Clip.



bothrops jararacussu


Jararacussu ( Bothrops Jararacussu )


Snake's Description : Jararacussu has a light or dark greenish colour on upper body and faint yellow colour at bottom.

Snake's Toxic Rank 10 : Jararacussu is the world's No.10 venomous snake.

Snake's Characteristics : Jararacussu may inject a whopping 800 mg of venom per bite. Its single bite has the potential to kill 32 people.

Snake's Habitat : Jararacussus are often found in a spiral state hanging on trees.

Snake's Length : Jararacussu can grow up to 3 meters in length.

Snake's Distribution : Jarararcussus are found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil and Paraguay.


A Video Clip of Jararacussu.



So those were, World's Top 10 Most Poisonous, Venomous, Toxic and infact Deadliest Snakes. Now Let's find out some practical tips on, How To avoid poisonous snake bites?

The Important Precautions You Must Take To Avoid Venomous Snakebites ↓


Snakebite

Snake bites a man


Since, Precaution Is Always Better Than Cure.

Venomous Snakes are widely distributed. They are found in all tropical, subtropical, and most temperate regions. Some species of poisonous snakes have specialized glands that contain a toxic venom and long hollow fangs to inject their venom. Although venomous snakes use their venom to secure food, they also use it for self-defense. Human accidents occur when you don't see or hear the snake, when you step on them, or when you walk too close to them.

Follow these simple rules to avoid the chance of accidental snake bites :-

How To Avoid Venomous Snake Bites? Guide ↓


Source of following streaming videos is YouTube channel of Expert Village.


1. How To Avoid Snake Bites? General Tips



2. How To Avoid Snake Bites In Your Backyard?



3. How To Identify A Venomous Snake?



4. How to Identify Coral & King Snakes?



5. How To Handle A Venomous Snake?



6. First Aid Tools For A Snake Attack



7. First Aid If An Adult Is Bitten By Snake



8. First Aid If A Child Is Bitten By Snake



9. First Aid If A Pet Is Bitten By Snake



10.How To Remove Snake Venom By Extractor?



More Useful Tips To Avoid Snakebites ↓


  • Don't sleep next to brush, tall grass, large boulders, or trees. They provide good hiding places for snakes.
  • Place your sleeping bag in a clearing. Use mosquito netting tucked well under the bag. This netting should provide a good barrier.
  • Don't put your hands into dark places such as rock crevices, heavy brush or hollow logs, without first investigating.
  • Don't step over a fallen tree, step on the log and look to see if there is a snake resting on the other side.
  • Don't walk through heavy brush or tall grass without looking down. Look where you are walking.
  • Don't pick up any snake unless you are absolutely positive it is non-venomous.
  • Don't pick up freshly killed snake without first severing its head. The nervous system may be still active and a partially dead snake can deliver a deadly bite.
  • Even if you see a venomous snake don't panic always be clam, make no sound nor movements and let the creature go its way.
  • Never try to kill nor hit snake with stones. In case if you do so, possibility of a jump bite or spitting of venom from snake's self-defense may prove hazardous. Spitting Cobra is very well-known to spit its venom with extreme accuracy. It always target victim's eyes and its venom can cause permanent blindness.
  • Always wear hard & tall shoes which could possibly secure legs and resist snake bites.
  • Lastly while going for treks or expedition campaigns in national parks do investigate little about that area for any special snake habitat. If it's a home of special specie of venomous snake do carry a proper antivenom with you. In such a case, prior guidance and advise regarding selection of a proper anti-dote from any medical expert is mandatory. Remember! Some people are allergic to antivenom.

Story Of A Man Bitten By Rattlesnake - Video ↓



Real Life Snakebite Caught On Video Camera ↓



Australia's 10 Most Deadliest Snakes - Streaming Video


A video documentary presented by Steve Irwin. In this video Steve Irwin have ranked Australia's Ten Most Deadliest Venomous Snakes. You may get confuse with Steve's statements in this documentary as he claims his list being of 'World's 10 Most Deadliest'. But this is not true, Steve is basing his statements based on an old article (pub. in 1979) by A. J. Broad called 'Broad et al in Toxicon'. This old article was not intended as ranking but just a representation of some venomous Australian snakes. Many other species from different countries are equally toxic as Australian snakes. This was for you kind information, enjoy watching this educational video documentary.



Australia's Ten Most Deadliest Snakes - Video Documentary Starts Part 1 ↑



Australia's Ten Most Deadliest Snakes - Video Documentary Part 2 ↑



Australia's Ten Most Deadliest Snakes - Video Documentary's Last Part 3 ↑


A Tribute To Crocodile Hunter, Late Mr. Steve Irwin ↓


steve irwin


Most Shocking Snake Video Ever, Warning! Graphical ↓



Warning! Above video is extremely graphical in nature and not suitable for all. Viewers discretion is highly recommended. Can a snake eat Hippopotamus?


Snake Facts, Records For General Knowledge ↓


  • During early Cretaceous period (120 million years ago) snakes evolved from lizards-like ancestors and in process of evolution gradually lost their legs.
  • Total species of snake in the world are over 2,900 of which approximately 680-700 are venomous.
  • Total species of sea snake in the world = 55 of which almost all are venomous with few exceptions like Turtle Headed or 'Emydocephalus Annulatus'.
  • Sea snakes venom is more toxic than venom of land snakes.
  • 'Hydrophis Belcheri' is most venomous snake specie on planet earth.
  • 'Oxyuranus Microlepidotus' or 'Inland Taipan' is most venomous land snake in the world.
  • 'Ophiophagus Hannah' or 'King Cobra' or 'Hamadryad' seems most intelligent, huge, gaint and longest (3.65-4.5 metres in length) venomous snake of all.
  • 'Black Mamba' is fastest moving (16-19 km/hr) venomous snake in the world. It is fast enough to catch a person on foot at speed of 10-11 km/hr but definitely can't catch a running person as claimed in some african stories.
  • 'Black Mamba' is also notoriously most aggressive venomous snake.
  • 'Echis Carinatus' (Saw Scale or Carpet Viper) a venomous viper bites and kills more people than any other venomous snake on earth.
  • 'Micrurus Fulvius' or Eastern Coral Snake is North America's most venomous snake. It has a potent neurotoxic venom.
  • 'Crotalus Scutulatus' or Mojave Rattlesnake is most venomous rattlesnake in the world. This venomous pitviper is also only rattler with neurotoxic venom. It is a native snake of Arizona and California, USA.
  • 'Crotalus Adamanteus' or Eastern Diamondback is highest venom yielding rattler in USA and responsible for most human deaths in North America.
  • Eastern Diamondback rattlesnake is also heaviest venomous snake in the world. Heaviest recorded weight of one such snake was 15kg (34lb) which measured 2.36m (7ft9in) in length.
  • 'Vipera berus' is the only venomous snake found in Britain.
  • Namaqua or 'Spotted Dwarf Adder' (Bitis schneideri) is smallest (Avg. 22.8 cms in length) venomous snake in the world.
  • 'Leptotyphlops Carlae' a harmless (non-venomous) blind specie of thread snake is the smallest snake in world. It is also called 'Barbados Threadsnake' and has an average length of 10 cms (4 inches).
  • Gaboon Viper or 'Bitis gabonica' has longest fangs (about 5 cm in length) in the snake world.
  • Highest yield of venom ever recorded was of 'Bothrops Jararacussu' (1530 mg) and Gaboon Viper (350-600 mg). However 1530 mg recorded yield of Jararacussu seems unexceptable as average yield of this specie is around 150 to 200 mg.
  • Many people believe that Anacondas found in Amazon rain forest are the longest and largest snakes of all. Some reports even claim that Anacondas growing up to 36.5 metres long do exist. But such claims have never been proved. US President 'Theodore Roosevelt' once declared a prize tag of $5,000 to anybody who could bring the skin or vertebrae of an Anaconda with more than 9 metres length. American Wildlife Conservation Society raised this offer to $50000, but till date this prize remains unclaimed. Hence Reticulated or Regal Python is now considered as the longest snake in the world. Regal Python (or Reticulated Python) has an average length of 10.7 metres. When compared with Regal Python, Anaconda exceed in weight which is up to 230 kgs thus making them heaviest snake specie on planet earth.
  • The Scrub Python is Australia's largest snake, growing to a length of 25.5 feet. They are good swimmers and are usually found near water.
  • 'Hydrophis Spiralis' is the longest known sea snake growing upto 2.75 m (9ft) in length.
  • 'Giganthopis Garstini' is the longest prehistoric snake ever found, it inhabited Egypt about 38 million years ago. Its remains discovered in Fayum (western desert) indicate a probable length of 11m (36ft). However as per latest report published in Nature Journal Magazine this record is broken. The fossilised remains belonging to the world’s new largest snake is discovered.

    Titanoboa

    Titanoboa was 13m (42ft) long (about the length of a bus) and lived in the rain forest of north-east Colombia some 58-60 million years ago.
  • A male Common Boa (Boa Constrictor Constrictor) named 'Popeye' from Philadelphia Zoo (Pennsylvania, USA) was the oldest snake ever lived. It lived for 40 years + 3 months + 14 days and died on 15th April 1977.
  • Countries where most people die of snakebites are India and Sri-Lanka in which approximately 20,000 to 50,000 deaths are recorded annually in India alone.
  • Ryukyu group of islands between Japan and Taiwan have highest incidence of snakebites in the world. On an average 0.2 percent of population (i.e 1 in every 500 people) is bitten by a snake each year. The snake most blamed for this is 'Trimeresurus flavoriridis' or Okinawa Habu, luckly most of its victims do recover and don't die a painful death.
  • Okinawa Habu is a largest Asiatic pit Viper.
  • Okinawa Habu is also longest known fasting snake. Experiment conducted by Amami Kango Pit Viper Center in Naze city (Japan) found this specie survived for 3 years plus 3 months without food and most shockingly even regained its full health later when experiment was terminated. This snake have highest stamina to survive without food than any other snake.
  • Ilha da Queimada Grande island of Brazil is world's most densely populated snake place on earth. On this uninhabited Snake island there is at least one snake (specie's name is Golden Lancehead) per square meter. This dangerous Snake island is protected by Brazilian navy and any civilian contact to it is prohibited. Video of Ilha da Queimada Grande ↓

  • In USA, state which tops most recorded snake bites is Arizona.
  • Each year July 16th is celebrated as World Snake Day.
  • Country which is home to many toxic venomous species of snake is Australia.
  • Snakeless countries and islands were you cannot find any native snakes are Ireland, New Zealand, Iceland, Greenland, Newfoundland and Falkland Islands.
  • Antarctica is only snakeless continent in the world.
  • Source:- Mahiti Pustika Sarpa Visheshank (Marathi Encyclopedia)


Final Glance On Most Venomous Snakes ↓


  • "Follow above safety tips to avoid all possible snakesbites and if by the rarest chance you're bitten then quickly rush to nearby hospital."
  • "Always take safety precautions while going for jungle treks or wild expeditions."
  • "Though Venomous, snakes as always are wonderful species, their respect is our respect towards nature."
  • "Sadly! Yet true. Today very few Snakes can be seen in the wild. Some special species of snakes either have become extinct or are on the verge of extinction."
  • "People must give up their habit of drinking snakes' blood and eating their meat. Appeal! Please don't buy any goods made from snakes' skins since if buying stops killing can too."


My Sincere Gratitude To All Snake Lovers ↓

Thanks! For reading my article on 'World's Top 10 Ten Most Poisonous, Venomous, Deadliest Snakes'. I hope you enjoyed reading it.

Don't kill Snakes. They need our care, protection and respect. Change your perception and think again on preserving this beautiful specie of nature.

Article By : Gaurav Akrani. This snake article revised on 11th December 2012.





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142 Comments :

  1. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Above snake article is originally from my older site erudite.110mb.com. Since it is off now i've decided to republish it on KALYAN CITY LIFE BLOG.

  2. Anonymous said...

    hello Gaurav Akrani
    I liked your article on top 10 venomous snakes and the precautionary advice.I am a snake lover.I appreciate your effort to create awareness among the mass about one of the most misunderstood creatures on Earth and a victim of many false believes.
    Keep it up .

    regards
    srinath gopakumar

  3. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Srinath thanks for your kind appreciation. More snakes articles coming soon.

  4. mark real pineda said...

    thanks for the nice and substancial information thanks i learned so much thank you for that wonderful facts of your researches.

  5. Anonymous said...

    hiii gaurav


    you did a wonderful job through writing this article and a great awreness programme among the people.

    great work....keep it up.....waiting for your next releases...

    with regards

    dev

  6. Ashibon Mwangi said...

    I enjoyed reading it and is quite informative.
    Not sure I will get sleep tonight though.
    Ashibon Mwangi

  7. Anonymous said...

    Permit me to correct you in this matter. When you use the term "most deadly" please explain what you mean by most deadly. In reality to most it would mean what snake, if bitten by do you stand the least chance of survival. There are some factors you must take into consideration when making this determination. They are 1. How toxic the venom is ounce for ounce. 2. How much venon is delivered in an everage yield when bitten. And 3. How fast does it work. Others which can be fixed are; Where you are bitten and the quality of the bite, meaning the depth of the fangs etc. Another is what type of remedies you have available and/or how long wil it be before you can get professional medica halp, (hospital.) To determine "most deadly" fix the adjustables to be the same and/or on the average. Example most bites occur on calf of leg. Most bites yeild and average dose of venom and also do not hit a blood vessel and occur and average of 22 minutes from a hospital. With all this being equal, take into consideration how toxic the venom is, how much is delivered on an everage bite, and how fast does it work. Average these things and determine what snake you would have the least chance of surviving if bitten by if you were bitten on the calf with the snake delivering its averaga venom yield and with averyage depth and you were 22 minutes from a hospital. Which snake would you have the least chance of surviving if bitten buy?


    Ted

  8. Anonymous said...

    Hi Gaurav Akrani,
    The Information Provided in Your Article is Quite Informative and Worthsome.
    Thanks


    Regards
    Dhass.A.K

  9. Anonymous said...

    Your facts aren't correct and your English needs polish.

  10. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Hello! Anonymous of November 19 2008 2:20 AM

    I think you've missed to read disclaimer on this page. So please read my disclaimer 1st before saying my facts aren't correct.

    Above snakes' ranking was adapted from a TV program once broadcasted by discovery channel. Hence I think this list is authentic and acceptable. Further snakes' rankings is a big debatable issue today and haven't settled yet.

    As far as 'English' is concerned it is not my mother tongue else a 3rd language I speak in India. As natural, I don't use English often and this affects my English proficiency. Still I've tried my level best to be expressive rather than impressive. If you've noticed spelling and grammatical errors in this article then I sincerely regret.

    Thanks for commenting :)

  11. Anonymous said...

    Very Helpful. Thanks

  12. Anonymous said...

    Hi I'm Abbey I liked the article I thought it was very good !!!!!!! now you should come up with the world mst popular sankes / frog
    I love snakes and frogs!!!!!

  13. Anonymous said...

    Hi Gaurav, following site copied your most poisonous snake article word to word. WTF its damn Internet plagiarism. This was just for your kind notice. Site is...

    hxxp://churchfun.com/2008/11/08/most-venomous-land-snakes/

    To verify it, 1st copy above link and paste in your browser then replace xx with tt and hit enter.

    your friend, anita mabhaseiht (kenya)

  14. Anonymous said...

    hi gaurav,ur article was superb.plz put a pic of hydrophis belcheri if u have one.also i would like to know more about other poisonous snakes in cobra family.

  15. Hasan said...

    hi ths is Jasim Abbas, it is believed that the coral snake is havng the most effective venom, so how can it be compared with the inland taipan though that too is pretty venomous ...which one of then is most deadly?

  16. Hasan said...

    hi this is Jasim Abbas, it is believed that the coral snake is having the most deadly venom ....so which other snake is most deadly in accordane 2 the venom factor and it's toxicity. in other words..most dangerous snake on the planet (is that the black mamba)

  17. Corey Attard said...

    You have a very interesting website but just a few concerns about your top 10. I have reason to believe that it may be wrong. The inland is no doubt the worlds most toxic snake. But from their on wards i feel its incorrect. From my knowledge i now for a fact that this list is wrong. out of the worlds top 24 most toxic snakes 22 are found in Australia. with 13 being king cobra and 24 eastern diamondback rattle snake. I was just wondering whether your list is based on the most dangerous or most toxic snakes of the world. This would certainly alter the list. Also you often refer to the snakes being poisonous. Venomous snakes hold venom not poison. their is a difference between the two being one is consumed(poison) and the other is injected or passed through the skin/flesh(venom). I do though understand that the list of top 10 is always changing due to new facts being found.Your site is interesting on the facts that you have written, but would be nice if you could fix the list. Sincerely Reptile enthusiast

  18. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Corey Attard, thanks for reply and highlighting your doubt.

    Let me be more specific, above ranking list of terrestrial snakes is based on a global coverage of 10 Most Toxic Snake (which is based on general LD50 lab tests figures) + on Most Fatalties causing ones (i.e Maximum number of deaths caused by a certain specie of snake). Rankings are assigned after comparing both 'LD50 Test figures' and 'average recorded number of deaths' (rankings are not based just on lower LD50 laboratory figures). Hence only those species of snakes which have a lower LD and higher fatalty record gets a higher rank in above list. For those who don't know, LD50 is a standard laboratory test used to measure toxicity of snakes venom. LD50 is the amount of venom administered to each mouse (used for experiment) to cause 50% of the sample to die. The Lower the Ld50 the higher is the toxicity of snake's venom tested on mice. LD50 test do have some limitations in this regard. If you're interested only in rankings based on Ld50 figures then following is for you.

    Top 25 Toxic Snakes,
    Ranking Based Just On Ld50 Test Figures
    (and not on number of recorded deaths)

    1. Inland Taipan
    2. Eastern Brown Snake - Pseudonaja Textilis
    3. Northern Taipan - Oxyuranus Scutellatus
    4. Eastern Mainland Tiger Snake - Notechis S. Scutatus
    5. Reevesby Island Tiger Snake - Notechis Ater Niger
    6. Beaked Sea Snake - Enhydrina Schistosa
    7. Western Mainland Tiger Snake - Notechis Scutatus Occidentalis
    8. Black Mamba - Dendroaspis Polylepis
    9. Chappell Island Tiger Snake - Notechis Ater Serventyi
    10.Southern Death Adder - Acanthophis antarcticus
    11.Gwardar - Pseudonaja Nuchalis
    12.Copperhead - Austrelaps Superbus
    13.Indian Cobra - Naja Naja
    14.Dugite - Pseudonaja A Affinis
    15.Papuan Black Snake - Pseudechis Papuanus
    16.Stephens Banded Snake - Hoplocephalus Stephensii
    17.Rough Scaled Snake - Tropidechis Carinatus
    18.King Cobra - Ophiophagus Hannah
    19.Spotted Black Snake - Pseudechis Guttatus
    20.Colletts Snake - Pseudechis Colletti
    21.King Brown Snake - Pseudechis Australis
    22.Red Bellied Black Snake - Pseudechis Porphyriacus
    23.Small Eyed Snake - Cryptophis Nigrescens
    24.Eastern Diamond - Backed Rattlesnake - Crotalus Adamanteus
    25.Olive Whip Snake - Demansia Olivacea

    My Top 10 list is not restricted only for Australia but covers other nations too. I understand Australia is a homeland for more toxic snakes (based on Ld50 figures) but still other parts of the world too have more toxic cum deadly spices if compared also on fatalty wise and not merely on LSDs. (Here Taipans are exceptions).

    Further my Top 10 list highlights only major species of land snakes (and not sub-species of land snakes, neither sea snakes). I’m also sorry for my wrong English usage. So let me rectify, I’m using words like 'most Poisonous', 'most Venomous', 'most deadly', 'most deadliest', etc as synonyms actually saying the 'Most TOXIC cum Most Fatalties causing ones'. In above article, Snakes are not ranked just with their venom’s toxic potential to kill preys but also with the total number of recorded deaths they cause each year (also not on the amount of venom they deliever at each bite).

    Lastly it seems there is also confusion over amount of venom delivered by snakes and their toxicity. Example:- It may be possible that, say snake ‘A’ delievers few mg of venom as compared to Snake ‘B’. But even few mg of snake ‘A’ venom may prove more fatal than more quantity of mgs injected by snake ‘B’. Thus Snake ‘A’ gets a higher rank than Snake ‘B’ because its (Snake A’s) venom is more toxic than Snake B. Thus amount of venom delivered doesn't matter more else what matters the most is venom's toxic potential to kill something very fast.

    See I don’t remember when but few years ago, I saw a snake documentary on TV which mentioned above Top 10 most Toxic Snakes list. They even ranked Taipan at No.1 and also discussed people's confusion over LD rankings and fatalties rankings.

    Few Details I found on http://www.kingsnake.com/eshs/articles/eshsa1.html saying ...
    "Australia is inhabited by snakes possessing some of the most deadly neurotoxins known. The common coastal variety of the Taipan, is one of the world’s most dangerously toxic snakes. This animal is extremely formidable. It is large, swift, agile, possesses copious quantities of highly toxic dual functioning neurotoxin, has long fangs and often strikes repeatedly during an attack. Without prompt antivenom therapy, death is a certainty. Even so, death from Taipan bites are measured in hours. The common/coastal variety of the Taipan, ( Oxyuranus Scutulatus Scutulatus ) has the least toxic venom of the Taipan clan. The Papuan Taipan of New Guinea, ( Oxyuranus S. Canni ) and the Western or Inland Taipan, ( O. Microlepidota ) of Australia, are both known to have more toxic venoms. In fact, Oxyuranus Microlepitotus is THE MOST TOXIC terrestial snake venom ever tested. No Cobra venom matches any of the Taipan venoms in toxicity studies,( measured in milligrams of venom per kilograms of body weight for test mice. )The Taipans, collectively speaking, are the most toxic genus of venomous land dwelling snakes on the earth."

    And you say Inland Taipan is not the most toxic land snake. If it is so, let me know some details of that land snake which is more toxic than major specie of Taipan. Please don’t mention any sub-species of Taipan. When you're ready comment on this page with some additional data if possible so I can confirm and rectify erros (if any) in above artilce. As far as my knowledge is concerned I think Taipan is world's most toxic land snake and a snake which is far more toxic (again based on LD50 figures) than Taipan is Hydrophis Belcheri (a sea snake).

    Carry! I hope your confusion is now solved. I tried my level best to explain all I could.

    Rds, Gaurav Akrani

  19. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Hasan, there are many coral snakes please mention which specie of coral snake you're talking about.

  20. Linda William Johnson said...

    Excellent, Interesting, Authentic, Informative, Comprehensive, Beautifully Written and Neatly Presented Poisonous Snakes Resource On The Internet.

    Gaurav Akrani! Thank you very much for posting this educational information. I presented your snake article in my School Assignment and my teacher was very much impressed, she praised me a lot and gave good grade. All because of you. This article is now on my school's notice board and I have mentioned your website as original source. I feel great to let you know this.

    Yours Sincerely, Linda William Johnson from Canada.

  21. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Linda thats great, you inspired me to revise and update this snake article.

  22. Anonymous said...

    I'm a snake lover, so thanks for trying to turn peoples false views. Keep it up!

  23. Anonymous said...

    Awesome report Gaurav. At least you're putting something worthwhile on the net. Not like Anonymous Nov. 19 2.20am, with his armchair critisism. What a muppet!

  24. Sanx said...

    Gaurav,

    Just a quick point to note about use of the words 'poisonous' and 'venomous'. They're completely different things. Venom is injected into the blood. Poison is injested by eating. There are, to my knowledge, no poisonous snakes; humans can safely eat all of them.

  25. Anonymous said...

    Hey, Gaurav, its the Anonymous from January 2, 2009 7:37 AM. (Please respond) Though the king cobra isn't the most venomous cobra, you failed to mention that the king cobra can inject more venom than any other snake( no offense, your source didn't mention it I think) But if you update this article, its just something you might want to add. Please also update that the king cobra Prefers non-venomous species, but if hungry will eat venomous snakes, such as Kraits cobras, and even other king cobras. Thanks for listening,

    Daniel

  26. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Hi Daniel:) Thanks for your suggestions.

    I've updated few lines for King Cobra under Snake's Characteristics.

    Yes! King Cobra may eat other venomous snakes and even its own specie when too hungry. Kind Cobra shows cannibal behavior.

  27. Anonymous said...

    hey Gaurav, its me Daniel again! Its must be pretty hard to keep updating this article because there are so many new things learned about these amazing creatures. I'll post more suggestions for all of these snakes to help you. I'm going to post one or two in this comment, and i'll post more later. number 1. The Russell's viper is the only large viper in India. 2. Russell's viper has live bearing, with litters of up to 65 young. i'll give you more facts about these wonderful snakes every now and then. I appreciate your efforts to keep up with these snake facts, showing people their true shy nature. Until next time,

    Daniel

  28. Anonymous said...

    Gaurav I hope my newest comment got threw... (Daniel)

  29. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Daniel, I won't throw any of your comments. Very few people like you show helping attitude and willingly contribute their knowledge to world. Currently I'm quite busy with my post-graduation studies and SEO Certification Exam, can't even think of updating my site till next few months. I request you to 1st collect and assemble altogether more snakes' info and only then deliver it altogether via comment box.
    This will help us both to save our precious time. Then I'll surely update this snake article. Daniel! Thanks once again for your sincere participation.

  30. Anonymous said...

    GAURAV, YOU HAVEN'T MENTIONED BOOMSLANG ANYWHERE.. AND IT IS ALSO CONSIDERED A VERY POISONOUS SNAKE.. MAY BE EVEN IN THE TOP 5... LET ME KNOW WHERE IT STANDS IN THE LIST PLEASE..

    REGARDS..

    ROHIT

  31. Anonymous said...

    First i want to thank you for the time and effort to try and shed some light on our beloved Herps. What i want to add for you to check out concerns your listing the Eastern Diamond Back on the top 25 list By LD50 rating. That data would be incorrect. They have the most copious amount of venom of all the rattlesnakes however drop for drop the Mojave is 20 times more potent. There are two types of Mojave venom type a and b. A is the most toxic and it is a Neurotoxin. Studies have shown it is evolving to be even more toxic as is the Viridis Helleri. With all that said recently the Tiger rattlesnake has shown to be the most toxic drop for drop and has on a list that i have seen, been placed in the top ten. Again as has been mentioned its all on how you classify it. Also you need to mention on any list of top 25 or list period would be the Boomslang. This species is not very aggressive and does not come into contact with people often but the few serious envenomations by this species have been a rapid and painful death. Thier venom is a cytotoxin.I would love to discuss further if you are interested. My name is Kevin and i can be reached at reptilekevin@msn.com

  32. Anonymous said...

    The black mamba is the worlds most dangerous and most toxic snake. If you want proof, go to google and type in "Steve Irwin: 10 deadliest snakes" and read the comments by "Black Mamba Wins". He or she really knows what they are talking about. Thanks

  33. gregor.pisek said...

    This really is a magnificent artical. I think you have really spread snake awereness all over the globe!
    I for one will never have anything to do with snake industry. Thank you very much!
    Greetings from Slovenia!

  34. Anonymous said...

    Hey man job well done. I was watching a documentary regarding the most dangerous snake on planet in Nat Geo and I was really confused. Then I surfed the internet and I found your blog. Detailed and simple, I liked it very much. And your discussion with that Carry further helped me to understand about snakes. Anyway, you have tried your best to satisfy the hungry need for knowledge of snake loving people like me.So, thank you very much and I deeply appreciate your work.
    Best of luck for you Post Graduate studies,
    Shailesh

  35. vimmi said...

    thank for this lovely article .....but I Hope that u`ll provide me some more knowledge about Boomslang,Cottonmouth,Copperhead..

  36. Anonymous said...

    Hello actually the real list goes like this . 1. The Inland Taipan 2. Eastern Brown. 3. Blue Malayan Krait. 4. Blue Malayan Krait. 5 Common Tiger Snake . 6.
    Beaked Sea Snake 7. Saw Scaled Viper 8. Texas Coral Snake 9. Boomslang 10. Common Death Adder . King Cobras give a large amount of venom but not in the top 10. Russell's Vipers cause a large amount of deaths ( the second largest amount
    ) but not in the top 10. Black Mambas are not in the top 10 but do cause extremely severe damage. I don't know why there are Bothrops and Bungarus. When I say krait I mean Calliophis sp. Snakes are venomous, not poisonous. Venomous means a bite or sting. Poisonous means rubbing poison.

  37. Prof. Dr. J. D. Ronald said...

    your snakes ranking and data suucks plus your english is f***king worst than average acceptable standards.

    Please delete this article and stop publishing wrong infom stop spoiling internet?

    Someone has posted about your article on this link----

    http://sthweb.bu.edu/shaw/anna-howard-shaw-center/biography?view=mediawiki&article=Talk%3ATop_10_Deadliest_snakes

    and talk response for it is here---

    http://sthweb.bu.edu/shaw/anna-howard-shaw-center/biography?view=mediawiki&article=Talk%3ATop_10_Deadliest_snakes

    Which says you article "is poorly written with bad grammar, spelling, punctuation and word usage"

    I agree above response is true.

    Only australia has top 10 deadliest venomous snakes and not other countries.

    Illiterate kid,don't challenge a professor.

    I know you'll delete this comment but atleast you read it. I don't care you approve it or not.

    If your're sane and educated dare approve my comment with a decent justification.

    Prof. Dr. J. D. Ronald (Toxicologist)
    Australia

  38. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Dear Dr. Ronald,

    Sir! I welcome your criticism but the way you conveyed it was very harsh. I'm deeply hurt by your words, not by your criticism.

    Let me justify and soothe your anger.

    1. I've used standard books and latest encyclopedias as references to compile above article. I completely trust my resources and believe they're correct.

    2. The main purpose of any language is to express and communicate one's feelings, understanding and knowledge with others. I've concentrated much more on this purpose than grammar of English language.

    3. Every person in this world have a right to freedom of expression. I've exercised this right by writing above article. Sorry! I can't delete it. Further I'm not spoiling internet else contributing it with few good things I know. I've tried my level best to provide authentic information and minimise errors.

    4.I believe snakes ranking must be based on an aggregate study of following :-

    a)Fatalties caused by specie,
    b)Behavioural pattern in specie,
    c)LD50 Intramuscular Test Method,
    d)LD50 Intraperitoneal Test Method,
    e)LD50 Intravenous Test Method,
    f)LD50 Subcutaneous Test Method, and on
    g)New Research Studies.

    Very few Australian snakes achive high ranks on these combined studies. Hence all Top 10 Deadliest Venomous Snakes are not from Australia.

    5. A person who can read, write and speak any one language is considered literate. For your information I can read, write and speak Marathi, Hindi, Gujarati, English and Sanskrit.

    6.I never ever challenged you. Every person is unique and we must respect each others potential.

    Dr. Ronald, I hope you're satisfied now.

    Rds, Gaurav Akrani
    A literate kid from India :)

  39. Anonymous said...

    Hi I think that u have forgotten to put Boomslang in ur list ,it is considered to posesses one of the natures most toxic venom.Please check........

  40. Anonymous said...

    Hi ,

    I am from Portugal where sadly we dont have any venom snakes , i loved this article , please keep it updated , you may have some spelling errors but everyone can understand what you try to say and let me clarify something you have had an hard time on , this article is about top 10 deadliest snakes , not on top 10 snake venoms.

    Let's you you keep your articles about snakes coming out.

    Dr. Ronald please make us one article about top 10 Australian snake venoms :D

    Regards:

    Rui Martins

  41. Mudidth Mishra said...

    World's Top 18 Most Beautiful Colourful Snakes S Of All ...

    1. Rainbow Boa or Slender Boa (Epicrates Cenchria)
    It is a terrestrial boa specie and has 9 sub-species. It is most beautiful snake specie of all. It is refered as "Rainbow Boa" due to eye-catching iridescent quality of its scales when seen in sunlight. A multi-colour rainbow experience is caused by microscopic ridges on its scales which refract sunlight like miniature prisms. It loves water and can be found near rivers, streams, lakes and swamps. Found in Central and South America. Average length is 3.25 to 6.5 feet.

    2. Emerald Tree Boa (Corallus Caninus)
    Is a non-venomous Boa. It has beautiful emrald green ground colour pattern with irregular white stripes called as 'lightning bolts' under its back and yellow belly. It has larger front teeth than any other non-venomous snake. It inhabits rainforests of South America. Average length is 1.8 m

    3. Green Vine Snake (Oxybelis Fulgidus)
    It is a long(1.5-2 m), slender(2 cm thick) arboreal Colubrid snake. It stays high on trees and looks down on ground. It has a beautiful green coloured body with aerodynamically shaped and pointed head, long and green tongue, long and delicate tail. Found in Central America and Nothern-South America.

    4. Albino Burmese Python (Python Molurus Bivittatus)
    It is a breeded specie of Burmese Python having bright orange and yellow on a white background colour. It is very docile specie and widely sold on internet. Price varies in terms of its size, colours, breeding costs, etc. Available for sale on this website http://albinoburmese.com/order.htm

    5. Milk Snakes (Lampropeltis Triangulum)
    Is a specie of king snake. Milk snake has 25 sub-species among them each having different appearance in terms of colours, patterns, designs, etc. They have typical red-black-yellow or white-black-red patterns on their body. Mexican Milk snake and Nelson's Milk Snake are most beautiful among its 25 sub-species. Milk snakes are mostly active at night and eat slugs, insects, and earthworms. Found in North America, Central America and South America. They grow 50 to 152 cms long.

    6. Corn Snake or Red Rat Snake (Elaphe Guttata)
    It is a North American specie of rat snake. It is a docile specie. It has bright and attractive patterns on its body and are popular pet snakes. They're found throughout South-Eastern and Central U.S. Grow upto 1.2 to 1.8 metres and has an average life span of 15-20 years.

    7. Carpet and Diamond pythons (Morelia Spilota)
    It is a large snake of Pythonidae family. Has highly variable colours from olive to black with white and gold markings. Patterns are roughly diamond shaped with light and dark band makings. They are semi-arboreal, largely nocturnal, climb trees and shrubs and even dwell on roads and forest floors. They reach between 2 to 4 Metres in length and weight upto 15 kgs. Found throughout mainland Australia, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.

    8. Two-lined Black Shieldtail or Iridescent Shieldtail (Melanophidium Bilineatum)
    Very less information about this rare specie only found in India. Has beautiful metallic blue coloured body overlaid by fresh sky blue and light yellow stripes on each side. It is a native snake of Wayanad district in Kerala (South-India).

    9. Rhinoceros Viper or River Jack (Bitis Nasicornis)
    Is a venomous viper specie. Famous for striking beautiful colour pattern and distinctive horns on its nose. It has a set of 2-3 horn like scales on nose hence named Rhinoceros Viper. They are found in forest regions of Western and Central Africa. Average length is 60-90 cms but can grow upto 107 cms.

    10. Ethiopian Mountain Adder (Bitis Parviocula)
    Is a venomous viper specie. Has light brown to dark brown colour patterns overlaid by complex hexagonal and diamond shaped designs. It is mostly active at night. Max length recorded was 75.2 cms. Found only in Southwest of Ethiopia.

  42. Mudidth Mishra said...

    continued ...

    11. Green Tree Python (Morelia Viridis)
    Non-venomous specie of python. It has attractive eye-catching greenish-yellow coloured body. They rest on branches of trees in spiral position. Eat small mammals, rodents and other reptiles. Found in Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Normanby Island and Cape York Peninsual in Australia. Length varies from 90(min)-120-213(max) cms.

    12. Amazon Tree Boa or Common Tree Boa or Garden Tree Boa (Corallus Hortulanus)
    Non-venomous Boa Specie. They are gaint in colour and pattern variation. People keep boas as pets and some even breed them in more desirable colours (like red, orange, yellow and combination). Natural wild boas having different colours like Brown, Tan, Olive, Gray, Charcoal, etc are captured and imported in different countries. People prefer buying colourful boas as pet and brightly coloured ones are usually more expensive. Found in Costa Rica, Panama and across South American Continent covering southern Columbia, Southern Venezuela, Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana, Amazon in Brazil, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. They grow upto 5 - 6.5 feets or 1.5 - 2 metres in length.

    13. Blue Malaysian Coral Snake
    It is highly venomous specie. Looks beautiful in Indigo or Deep Blue coloured slender body with light blue or white stripes on each side. It feeds on snall lizards, frogs, birds and other small snakes including its own specie. Its habitat includes wet forest floors and moist humid places. Grows upto 140 cms (4 ft 7 in). Found in Malaysia, Thailand and Western Indonesia.

    14. Coral Snake (Micrurus Fulvius)
    It is a venomous elapid specie. Has beautiful coloured patterns on body. Eats small lizards and snakes. Found only in South-Eastern U.S.A. Normal Length is 29.5 cms but can grow upto 130 cms too.

    15. Garter Snake (Thamnophis Cyrtopsis Ocellatus)
    Garters are harmless non-venomous specie. Garters go in brumation before their mating season begins. Found across North American continent from Canada to Central America. Length varies from 60 - 160 cms.

    16. Paradise Tree Snake or Flying Snake (Chrysopelea Paradise)
    Flying Snake has slender body and long tail. It has ability to glide from one tree to another hence called Flying Snake. Paradise Tree snakes distribution includes Burma, Southern Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia (Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Sulawesi) and Philippines. Length is upto 1.2 metres.

    17. Red-tailed Green Rat Snake (Gonyosoma Oxycephalum)
    Usually found hanging on Trees. Found in South-East Asia. Length is upto 2.3 meters. Average Lifespan upto 15 years.

    18. Scarlet Kingsnake (Lampropeltis Triangulum Elapsoides)
    It is a native of Florida (USA). Its length varies from 20-27 inches.

    Friends! If you know other beautiful snake specie please do comment with details.

    Gaurav please approve this comment and let me contribute some good info.

    Complied by Mudidth Mishra.

  43. Anonymous said...

    i love snakes i have 3

  44. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Mudidth! Very Good Contribution. Beautiful Snakes. Nature is an erudite artist of all.

  45. Anonymous said...

    Prof. Ronald,

    The way you have lambasted Gaurav, does not speak highly of you. Further, you say don't challenge a professor. Are you really one ? Dosen't seem so, from the way you write. Your language stinks.

    And what have you contributed besides caustic critisism ?

    English ? Can't say yours is anything to write home about. Gourav is, to say the least, man enough to accept his faults. What about you, eh ? Australian farts !!

  46. Anonymous said...

    hey i'm a great snake fan from asia. i always love snake and i'm not afraid of them thanks you mr.gaurav for such a great article.
    p.s. i think i'm the youngest snake lover here cuz i'm only a teen!see ya.

  47. Anonymous said...

    Thanks for the interesting compilation! I really enjoyed reading the facts but I loved watching the videos.

  48. Anonymous said...

    Firstly i would like to point out your downfall. Anyone involved in Science or a specialist field will only prepare a hypothesis when all material gathered is correct. Then any one in a legit background of science would only present facts if they have researched the facts themselves, not gathered other peoples ideas from the internet. I have been involved with research and husbandry of Australian snakes for nearly 30 years and I will not even consider making such bold statements as facts. I realy do recommend you find another interest because you have just failed in my opinion. To all those beleiving this rubbish, this is a perfect exhample of internet slander and should not be trusted.QPWS Rangers Dept.

  49. Anonymous said...

    that austraaalian professor - what an 'arse-ol', his english is 'sad as'. probably belongs to the australian version of the KKK. Maybe his data is right but putting down someone who tried is totally inappropriate. Wonder how he passed outta uni and got a degree (or so he claims) with that grammar. -oOo my country has ALL the deadliest AND venomous snakes in the world. MINE and not yours- *whines and drops his degree in there somewhere* And by the way Gourav, its admirable that you took the time to write this. Your language skills count for nothing if you've got your facts straight. I mean what did they make the dictionary for? The internet is free with respect to expression. Even if your data was flawed somewhere, a true seeker of knowledge or a researcher would find many other sources for comparison. Don't mind the downunder blue bloods. They're just threatened and insecure.

  50. Anonymous said...

    Hi Gaurav. i was wondering if you could help me. In pakistan there is a small snake described to be under 1 meter in length, really lazy and has a glossy/shiny appearance. In my local villiage it is called a "goon". Ive been trying to find out its biological name but cant seem to find it anywhere. I though it might be the Indian Trait but its not. I dont know if in India its refferred to as a goon but its supposed to be really venomous. Obviously no where near as venomous as the taipan or the belcheri but i just want to know what it is and see a picture. Hope u can help. thanks

  51. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Hi, I've never heard of 'Goon' snake. Can you please give me a photo link of this snake. As you told 'Goon' is local name. You better consult a professor or snake expert in your area.

  52. Michele said...

    Hi Gaurav
    your post is well written and complete.
    Find top ten deadliest snakes list is not an easy task; probably is not the definitive but anyway thanks for you effort.
    Just one note, i thought the longest snake was Reticulated python and not Royal python as you wrote.Where did you find that information?

  53. Anonymous said...

    the australian "prof"'s attitude is disgusting. So what if he is a "professor", he has such poor manners (which certainly reflects on his upbringing and education, hurhur). I have a feeling he bought his degree for $19.99 off ebay.

    Thanks Gaurav for writing this article. Had a great time reading it.

  54. Anonymous said...

    Nice work but i have more than a doubt that your list is correct.
    From my experience (snake fan) the most deadliest is the Carpet viper (echis carinatus).

  55. Anonymous said...

    You've mentioned a lot about many poisonous snakes around the world but would u pls check about the one so called 'Banakon' in the Philippines. You'll find it interesting. Some say its the King Cobra but according to the description of some who have seen its quite different from a typical cobra and I havent heard of stories of about anybody who survived after being bitten by that snake. I actually haven't seen one personally and i'm curious about it 'coz its not a well known species (if ever it's not a variety of a king cobra).

  56. Anonymous said...

    hi,Gaurav Akrani
    thanks for your sharing, i am also a snake lover from china (hk),i even print this website out to share it with my friends !
    Can we be a friend, because i have a lot of things to ask :]

  57. Gaurav Akrani said...

    You're most welcomed to ask questions on our beloved herps.

  58. Anonymous said...

    Hi
    Wouldnt worry about the Prof. Dr. J. D. Ronald I enjoyed your article. Grammar & english, so you got your point across thats what matters. Hey, its your list. A suggestion you may look at snake bite as if you got bitten and there is no medical help. In australia there are few deaths by snake bite tho we have some of the deadliest snakes. India has too many deaths per year but a very large population. The sydney funnel web is deadly with death in as little as 40 minutes if not treated but there have been no deaths since antivenin. Great work.

    Regards
    Wayne
    Australia

  59. Anonymous said...

    hi Gaurav Akrani ,is me again!(September 18, 2009 10:39 AM) or you can call me Tom.
    I want to ask about the toxicity of king cobra.( I have checked it from the internet, some websites said that although the venom of king cobra is not very very toxic, it is still powerful that it can be more toxic than many of the other cobra species. However, some other websites said that it is not. They said that king cobra's venom is very weak actually, its toxicity is just half of that of the Indian cobra ...) Which one is true? and what do you think about?
    Thank you!

  60. Anonymous said...

    hello,is me again, i want to ask about the toxicity of king cobra, wikipedia said king cobra is one of the least venomous elapids because its LD/50 value is 1.7mg/kg, however, some other websites said it is not true, they said king cobra 's venom is still powerful though it is not as powerful as some other species (like kraits, taipan,seasnakes)...

    i want to ask which one is true? and what do you think about?
    thank you!

  61. Anonymous said...

    hello, i want to ask about the toxicity of king cobra, wikipedia said king cobra is one of the least elapids in the world, is that true?

    https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/King_cobra

    Thanks!

  62. Anonymous said...

    https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/King_cobra

  63. Anonymous said...

    hello, is me again!
    i want to ask about the toxicity of king cobra. Wikipedia said that it is one of the least venomous elapids. Is that true?

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_cobra

  64. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Hi September 18, 2009 10:39 AM, if you judge and rank King Cobra just on basis of LD50 Test results then surely its rank slides little down.

    But don't forget that even LD50 tests do have some limitations. The results of tests conducted on mice and actual effect of venom on humans are two different things.

    Most people judge a snakes on LD50 value and rank them on this value, which seems to me little incorrect.

    Even amount of venom injected (in volume) by a snake contribute immensely to quickly kill its prey.

    King cobra is know to inject huge dose of lethal venom. What make its goes up in ranking is the fact that... it has..

    1.Caused many Human fatalties
    2.Injects more amount of Venom.
    3.LD is not very lower but slightly lower.

    So please don't judge any snake mere on LD50 test results else consider overall imp aspects like; Type of venom, Average amount of venom injected, behaviour, etc.

  65. Anonymous said...

    THX For the time and effort spent in this article, although 75% if the worlds most venomous snakes are Australian, I do agree with how you have ranked them, not only by their venom but also by the specie attributes and personality, thx :)

  66. Anonymous said...

    hello,Gaurav Akrani! is me again and again! or you can call me Tom.

    This time ,i want to ask:
    1)how much king cobra's venom is enough to kill an adult? (a video said that 12mg of King Cobra's venom is enough to kill an adult.However, i check the National Geo. website, it said that king cobra can inject 600mg of venom which is enough to kill 20 people... i feel very surprise after looking at this, because if 600mg of King cobra venom can only kill 20 people, that means king cobra need 30 mg of its venom to kill one person, this is totally different from what the video said 12mg is enough to kill a person...
    so i want to ask which one is true? or it may have other data?

    2) How much venom of Banded krait is enough to kill one person?
    (some one said Banded krait is 9 times more venomous than the common cobra, but i think this shouldn't be Banded krait, it should be Many-banded krait or Indian krait because these two krait are much more venomous than the Banded krait...) What is your opinion about this?

    Sorry my english is very poor, so hope you can forgive me!

    Thank you!

  67. Anonymous said...

    hello,is me again!
    i want to ask about how much venom of king cobra can kill an adult? I have seen a video, it said that 12 mg of king cobra's venom is enough to kill an adult, however, i have checked the National Geo. website, it says that king cobra can deliever 600 mg of venom which can kill 20 people, i feel very surprise about it, because if 600mg of king cobra's venom can only kill 20 people, that means only 30 mg of its venom can kill one person, that's totally different from what the video said 12 mg is enough, so which one is true? what is your opinion?

  68. Anonymous said...

    hi. i miss steve irwin ;( im very young and im studying animals. im on only in grade 9 in fact but my life revolvs around animals. I want something to do with them all my life. ill prob go to vet school, or be an animal cop.

  69. Anonymous said...

    We are going to Kenya in December. Do we have anything to worry about as far as deadly snakes go???

  70. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Hi Anonymous (October 20, 2009 4:00 AM) if you're planning to visit nature blessed Kenya then do enjoy your safari but beware of Black Mamba Snake

    Kenya is my dream place to visit too.

    Enjoy your journey my friend.

    Gaurav Akrani

  71. Anonymous said...

    Of the world's most deadly snakes 9 are in Australia. The krait is super toxic I agree but no 2 I don't think so. We'll do a test i'll get bitten by the krait and you can take a bite from an eastern brownsnake. You'll go down before I do trust me. It's also worth noting that Notechis scutatus or the mainland tiger snake has a round a 60 percent chance of a dry bite, that is a bite were no venom is injected. There are also many other factors and we here in Australia only record like less than 5 deaths from a snakebite per year. So yea if I was herping in Sri Lanka i'd be worried about my ability to get treatment from a russell viper bite, venomous vs most deadliest two different concepts. Saw-Scaled kills most, Inland Taipan most toxic venom

  72. Anonymous said...

    As an australian who has studied herpatology I am by far no expert but you have mad quite a few errors and although I applaud your effort in trying to put forth an article on this subject I feel you would benefit from further study In terms of toxicity Australian snakes set the benchmark and in reality are more deadly although we have fewer snakebites so less deaths perhaps you should do the list of most recorded deaths and a seperate list of toxicity after yo have done more research.
    By Stromper

  73. Anonymous said...

    Stromper Here again just wanted to say also ignore the wannabe Proffessor for clearly he is not a proffessor for his gramar was not much better than yours and a real Prof would endevour to help you with your mistakes and not condemn you for them he clearly lacks intellect and is a very poor representative of Australian people

  74. Anonymous said...

    you have done a great job man. i really appreciate. i am 9th std. student and snake lover also. i often see krait nearby my house but i wasn't afraid about it but after reading this i am really afraid....In bio project work, i presented these things about snake and i got full marks.I didn't like the way ronald talk to you but you gave him a good answer...can you tell me which snakes are most venomous in India.. Sourav from dhanbad

  75. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Sourav! Thanks for commenting. To my knowledge Comman India Krait is the most venomous snake of India. It is also called as 'Manyar' in Marathi here in Maharashtra. Other venomous snakes found in India are Indian King Cobra, Russell's Viper and Saw-scaled viper. These species are altogether even refered as Big Four. These big four are tagged as 'Big' since these are only snakes species who are most responsible for many human deaths in India and Sri Lanka.

  76. Rohan said...

    wonderful info...
    great work

  77. Anonymous said...

    You list the Tiger Snake as inhabiting (inter alia) Australia and Tasmania
    Tasmania is part of Australia, it is the southern most state of the federation.

  78. Anonymous said...

    nice vid of snake eating hippo

  79. Jason said...

    There was some good info in here sir. I think there are some things to consider. I see alot of comments about toxicity and dangerous. These are actualy two different groups. Some species will overlap. An example would be the common Krait or common Brown both are highly toxic and very dangerous. The Brown Recluse Spider has been named the most dangerous spider in the world but it is not the most toxic. So many people get bitten by them that they have made number 1, however the brazilian wandering spider and sydney funnel web are the most toxic spiders in the world. I would like to hear something about the rearfanged Boomslang. This snake is extremely toxic and I think it keeps getting overlooked. In asia it's called the three step for a reason. please post your findings. Also not mentioned is the Southern Pacific Rattlesnake. It has the same kind of venom as the Mojave Green and research suggests that SPR venom may become more toxic with time and adaption. Coral Snakes are very toxic but are not very common. I would like to know how they compare with Southern Pacific and Mojave Green Rattlesnakes. These three seem to be the only snakes in North America that have neurotoxic venom. Thanks for posting this info and keep up the good work.

  80. Chris said...

    Hi Gaurav,
    Compliments on your compilation.
    Could you supply a few details on the Boomslang please, because coming from South Africa, I know it quite well and was curious as to where it would feature on your list of, let's say, the top 50.
    I also wouldn't stress over some arsehole who dreamt he was a Professor, with his lack of linguistic skill, I wonder if he ever went to school
    Thanks again, Chris

  81. carol said...

    Hi Gaurav, I, too, liked your version of the top 10 most deadly / venomous snakes. I'm not altogether sure how accurate it is, but i wouldn't like to find any of them in my slippers one night.
    However, i must say i've not chuckled so much for ages when reading the comments! i think that so called "Professor Guy" is a typical half wit. I'll leave you all to judge where i'm going with that one! I'll check back soon to read the new comments.
    Regards, Robert the Bruce of England.

  82. tim said...

    G'day Gaurav,
    As an Australian i would like to sincerly apologise for the 'fake' proffessors comments..
    Proof hes not a proffessor/educated? well, even when talking stricly about 'venomous' snakes (not taking into account fatalities or number of bites, australia has 8 out of 10 most toxic. not 10 out of 10..i know this for fact!
    And would like to add that your english is more than acceptable! English is my mother toungue and you prob speak/write better than me.
    Thanks for your arcticle, it was a good read.. and good luck with your studies!!!

  83. Fred said...

    There are a number of highly venomous snakes that have high fatality rates resulting from their bites left out of this article.i.e The Gaboon adder/viper ,and the Cape Cobra.
    It seems a lot of the criticisms are more patriotic based[Australia fans] than well rounded scientific judgement based.
    I thoroughly enjoyed the article which I found very informative.
    I also beleive that a doctorate degree does not give you the moral high ground for insulting other people who only want to contibute in a positive way to our knowledge on this subject matter.
    There are a lot of dickheads like Dr. Ronald around to sour our internet experience.
    The article was the ten most deadliest/poisonous/venomous snakes and thie tests used does NOT just concern toxisity of snakes but your like chance of surviving their bites based on toxity ,volume and aggression of the the snakes.Its not much good rating a highly venomous snake if its docile in nature ,and doesn't always inject its venom.
    For sheer aggression and speed and what snake handlers the world over have commented on and the esteem and respect they hold for this particular snake[including Steve Irwin] the Black Mamba has to be one of the most feared and dangerous snakes around.
    Fred from the UK

  84. Anonymous said...

    HELLO GAURAV AKRANI,

    INFORMATIVE SNAKE ARTICLE IN THE ENTIRE WORLD.

    I READ THIS ARTICLE MORE THAN 30 TIMES.

    I LOVE YOUR PRESENTATION AND TECHNIQUE OF COMPILING ARTICLES.

    YOUR ENGLISH SEEMS VERY GOOD TO ME. IGNORE SO CALLED DR. RONALD. YOUR ENGLISH IS VERY LUCID.

    YOU ALWAYS GIVE ME MORE INFO THAN OTHERS ALONG WITH VIDEOS AND PICTURES. THIS ROCKS!


    BY THE WAY WHY DON'T YOU UPDATE YOUR WEBSITE REGULARLY.

    I CAN UNDERSTAND U'R BUSY BUT STILL FIND SOME TIME TO BRING MORE ARTICLES FOR YOUR FANS.

    I LOVE YOU GAURAV AKRANI.

    THANKS TO GOOGLE TOO, I FOUND YOU.

    I'M YOUR FAN. MISS JESSICA. NEW YORK LADY.

  85. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Hello Jessica, You left a very cute reply on my blog. Thank you very much for this hearty reply. Yeah! I struggle now a days too much to give time to my blog. Sorry for this. Take care my friend. Rds, Gaurav Akrani.

  86. Anonymous said...

    Very Good WOrk Gaurav.....

  87. Hannah said...

    The yellow jawed tommygoff bite was hideous and scary looking!

  88. Anonymous said...

    Why don't you learn how to write yo fucking retard. Have you ever heard of proofreading or using proper grammar for that matter. You seem to have some pretty good information about some things, but no one can take you seriously because you writing is on par with a drunk 4 year old. Also some of your info is flat out dangerous and stupid, especially the part about using the extractor for invenemation, which is extremley outdated nad stupid. Why don't you leave that stuff to the professionals, which you are obivously not, because no educated person would write so poorly. Learn to write you ametuer retard wannabe cocksucker.

  89. Anonymous said...

    Proofread and learn to write your article displays extremely poor grammar and is riddled with errors.

  90. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Oops! Another angry reply with a blend of harsh words. Daily I encounter at least five and now here is another exclusive one.

    @ April 7, 2010 3:53 PM

    My friend I never said I'm a professional writer. I believe I'm in a learning process. Every professional goes through this stage and I'm no exception to this.

    Proofreading is a good idea for detecting errors and correcting them. Thank you for this advice. But it is again a time consuming process for me. Apart for maintaining this blog I have many other important things to do in my life. So please 'Excuse me!' on this.

    You call me retard, I accept this. If a retard like me can produce this page then imagine What a genius like you can do. Why don't you share your work with me? Give me some links to your written materials on snakes. I would love to read your 100% error free articles. Can you give me some tips on...How to write like a pro?

    Eagerly waiting for your reply but with beautiful English words.

    God Bless You. Take Care.

    Regards, Gaurav Akrani :)

  91. Anonymous said...

    Gaurav Akrani, You are without a doubt a wonderful man. The people who talk negative about this site are very childish. I don't see them taking time and effort on achieving anything in their lives but to slander and bring down the good in the world. Don't listen to them at all. They are what we call "haters". Keep up the great work. Snakes are great for the environment and should not be feared but respected. - A Friend in Texas :)

  92. Tanmay said...

    hey gaurav this is tanmay from kalyan..
    this is great blog and i would like to contribute to this blog..
    keep up the good work..

  93. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Hello Tanmay, Thank you for visiting KCL Blog. If you've more Kalyan City related news or photos then please forward them to kalyancitylife@gmail.com.

    Our Kalyan City is rapidly expanding and I wish to document this rapid ongoing change. I hope more people like you will come forward and contribute.

    Rds, Gaurav

  94. Anonymous said...

    Мне нравится ваша статья очень много. Прежде чем читать Вашу статью я думал внутреннему Taipan является наиболее токсичных змея в мире. Теперь я точно знаю, это Hydrophis Belcheri, а не внутреннему Taipan. Отличная статья для начинающих и любителей змея. Я обязательно поделиться этой информацией с моей семьей и друзьями.

  95. Randhir said...

    Hello Gaurav,

    I'm Randhir Jadhav.

    Few days ago I contacted you via email.

    Just now it came to my notice that a website is unnecessarily slandering your article. It says you don't much about deadly snakes and can't understand difference between English words 'poisonous' and 'venomous'.

    Indirectly it conveys a message that your article must not be trusted.

    You better personally check comments by "Black Mamba Wins" on this page.

    http://crikeymatemosaic.wordpress.com/2006/10/17/the-deadliest-snakes-in-the-world/

    I love reading your articles and can't withstand any insult of my favourite blogger.

    Felt replying, hence commented.

    Yours Trustworthy Reader and Friend,
    Randhir Jadhav.

  96. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Namaste Randhir,

    Yes! I remember you my friend.

    I just checked the link and read comments of black mamba wins along with your strong reply.

    Thank you for correctly highlighting to this person how my list is prepared.

    I'm sure he/she missed to read disclaimer of my article page.

    I definitely understand the difference between 'poisonous' and 'venomous' but here in India they're often used as synonyms. So I'm using it purposely. You justified this point to him very well.

    Everybody have different perception, opinions and judgment making abilities. Environment, Culture and available Resources also have great impact on one's thinking and action.

    Let's not fight on such differences and malign each other else come together and share our vivid ideas on the internet.

    Yaar! Constructive criticizm is always welcomed.

    Thanks for your kindness and appreciation.

    Regards, Gaurav Akrani.

  97. Anonymous said...

    If I may suggest some dangerous snakes:
    Puff Adder-causes the most serious bites and fatalities in Africa.
    Indian Cobra-among the "big four".
    Savana Twig Snake-Very lethal no antivenom is available.
    Bushmaster-A very dangerous and toxic snake.

  98. Anonymous said...

    Here is a list of the most dangerous snakes by continent(dangerous having nothing to do with LD50 but rather the number of serious/lethal bites inflicted on people)
    North America-Western Diamondback rattlesnake
    Central/North South America-Terciopelo
    Asia-Indian Spectacled Cobra/Russel's Viper/Common Krait
    Africa-Puff Adder
    Australia-Eastern Brownsnake
    Europe-Nose Horned Viper
    #1 in the world-Saw scaled Viper.
    You will notice that alot of the commonly feared snakes(black mamba/king cobra/taipan) are not on this list. These are dangerously lethal snakes however they cause less bites due to their range, closeness to human habitation, etc. In Asia I included 3 because different sources indicate different snakes(the Russel's Viper is most often mentioned as the top killer).
    Let me know what you think.

  99. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Hello Anonymous of July 1, 2010 4:20 AM,

    I liked this statement "dangerous having nothing to do with LD50". Hence most toxic does not always mean most dangerous. e.g Hydrophis Belcheri.

    Saw scaled Viper you mentioned kill more people in the world and hence extremely dangerous snake in terms of fatalities. Yeah! I agree with this.

    After Saw Scaled Viper, Russel Viper is next more dangerous.

    Good point. Thanks for sharing your wisdom.

    Regards, Gaurav Akrani.

  100. Anonymous said...

    Thank you. I found your list of combining various factors very refreshing. I have to agree with you in regards to the Russel's Viper being #1 in Asia. I just noticed on my list that vipers are reponsable for the most serious bites on every continent except for Australia(it has no vipers even though th Death Adder looks like one it's an elapidae). Tank you for responding and ignore those pissy Australians.

  101. Farila said...

    Enjoyed going through this.. you have done a great job there

  102. Luiz Trigo said...

    Amazing informations you guy´s posted, though, according to butantan institute in São Paulo, Brazil (the most prestigious institute about repitles reaseach and anti-venom producers in south america probably also in the world) the snake´s strongest venom is from Jararaca-lhoa (Bothrops insularis) wich is found only at Queimada Grande Island in the São paulo State coast.

  103. Anonymous said...

    For Luiz. I believe the common name for this snake is the Golden Lancehead. I've read it is up to 5 times more toxic than other South American snakes. When you said "the snake's strongest venom" do you mean world wide or in South America? It is a very interesting snake as many of them have both male and female sex organs although this makes them more subsessable to disease. I posted the list of Dangerous Snakes by continent. LD50 is fine but ultimately refers to mice. Some snakes venom is designed to work more effectively on reptiles, fish, etc.

  104. Anonymous said...

    像大多数其他Blogger博客的博客也是在中国被禁止。我试图访问你的博客多天,但没有成功。昨天,我设法使用StrongVPN.com,终于完全访问您的文章。现在,我读您的文章活蛇从北京,中国。三江源格拉夫写这方面的资料。

  105. Patryk said...

    I don't understand why eastern brown snake is not listed here. It is the second most toxic land snake and it is responsible for many deaths and bites

  106. Anonymous said...

    Wow, I never thought a sea snake would be the most venomous snake on the planet. I thought for sure the Black Mamba would make #1 instead..... ;)

  107. akash said...

    its to interestinggggg to know about the snakesss.......

    they are really dangerous and beautifull animal on the earth

  108. Ritwik Banerjee said...

    Beautiful post. Very enlightening. I didn't know about ilha de queimada grande until now.

  109. Anonymous said...

    awesome. very helpful to motivate my love for snakes. certainly they need our protection. ITS PRECIOUS. NATURE'S WONDER!

  110. Anonymous said...

    A very enrapturing article Gaurav,left me spellbound. I support and believe your views and also understand the grammatical errors that have occurred in this article. Leaving them aside, as far as the topic's concerned the article is quite clean and beautiful. It seems you are a confident man seeing the retorts you sent to the rude persons. I love those answers you gave.
    Your Friend From India,
    Prateek Yadav

  111. Anonymous said...

    Dr. Ronald. Who gave you that title dr. Ronald. am sure that university is called the university of dickheads. LOL. am sorry about that language. But as i speak i feel guilty that kind of language. you talk such trash and dont fell anything about the way you expressed it. Whre you from again Australia. ?? well if it is.. well thats speaks for itself i guess.
    You not a professor am 200% sure of it. Look at the way the illiterate kid responded to your comments. that sounds a lot more literate than a doctor. I work in London , am sure I see my office cleaners use much better language than that.

    And for you mate , gaurav - its a blog and its your blog . crack on. have a super time and keep that good manners going. Am sure you would be a Dr. Gaurav soon. Respect everyone and everything is the key to life. If everyone did that we wont have people like self proclaimed Dr. Toxic Ronald lol the toxicologist. Johnson Francis.

  112. K A N A V said...

    Thanks a lot for this useful information.

    .Kanav(INDIA)

  113. Anonymous said...

    Gaurav great blog dude. It's nice to see someone take their precious time and knowledge and lend it to others.

    I saw at one point that someone said the westren diamond back rattle snake is the most venomous in the USA. I beg to differ...I have always heard its the eastren diamondback. Could someone elaborate and clarify.

    Finally...here in the USA we have a Ronald...he sells fast food and is a clown.

    God Bless,

    J McArthur

  114. Gaurav Akrani said...

    'Crotalus Adamanteus' or Eastern Diamondback is highest venom yielding rattler in USA and responsible for most human deaths in North America.

    Eastern Diamondback rattlesnake is also heaviest venomous snake in the world. Heaviest recorded weight of one such snake was 15kg(34lb) which measured 2.36m(7ft9in) in length.

  115. Anonymous said...

    All snakes - beautiful, venomous, poisonous, ugly, or whatever - are only good as DEAD snakes!!!!!! My son was bitten by a copperhead last Monday night at my backdoor. It was a baby and still had the yellow tail. We had him at the hospital emergency room 10 minutes after he was bitten. My son did nothing to provoke the snake. He simply walked out the back door and stepped next to the snake. He was looking up at the sky to check the weather. When he moved to go back inside, the snake bit his little toe. They did not administer anti-venom because of the risk of bad side effects. His foot, ankle, and leg (up to his knee) are swollen and badly discolored (red and bruising). I have been looking into methods available for keeping snakes away from the house, but for the time being, ALL snakes around this house will be DEAD snakes!!!!

  116. Anonymous said...

    For anonymous Nov. 2. It seems like a lack of good parenting caused your son to be bitten. If you live in an area with venomous snakes you should teach your son to look where he steps. He got bit on the toe. Was he not wearing shoes? I hope he knows to look both ways before crossing streets so won't feel the need to destroy all cars like you want to kill all snakes.

  117. Anonymous said...

    ok Annonymous from Nov. 6...seriously just be quiet. he was obviously a little kid and he didnt step on the snake. he stepped next to it. they probbably didnt expect to have snakes around their home like that so they didnt worry much about it...so chill. things happy. if they want snakes to be dead around their house, it's their perogative...i dont blame them. snakes are very dangerous. it was a copperhead...i wouldnt expect that around my home. i want to see you get bitten by a snake...it probably hurts like crap and you probably have terrible side effects...so leave them aloneee...

  118. Anonymous said...

    Hey Gaurav,

    Awesome job done..enjoyed it very much and extremely informative...keep up the wonderful work..this sheds light on a lot of aspects that sometimes we all fail to see..thank you once again..for taking the time and coming up with some thing useful..

    cheers.
    izzy(Srilanka)

  119. Anonymous said...

    Very very nice , correct and well explained article,good luck..Pratap(pune)

  120. Joshua Sze-HarN said...

    A very good article indeed, it's very detailed with references.
    It really helps a lot! Thanks

    I may not be a snake expert but..
    I think Dr Ronald's attitude is just too rude and disrespectful.

    Agree very much with the freedom and right to express in own ways, who cares about fancy grammar.
    One should look at themselves before commenting on others.

    Dr.Ronald, with the attitude of urs, even if you really are a professor earning millions, the last thing i would do is to look up on you.

    Once again, awesome article!

  121. Anonymous said...

    It should be everyone's prerogative to keep snakes alive and healthy. Education is the key to avoiding unfortunate encounters. Protect your kids not by killing snakes but rather educating yourselves and being the parent be very weary of where your kids go to. Know your surroundings. Respect nature, it may not respect you back but you should know better, after all you pride yourself of being the most intelligent animal in the world. Taking it out on the snakes won't make anything better but in fact, it'll just turn out even worse. In your situation, doing more harm will never help you. Aggression will get you more aggression and trust me, it'll be to your own undoing.

    Thank you very much for this wonderful article.

    NormanCLT

  122. Anonymous said...

    Honestly, who cares if his list isn't 100% accurate? If you live in an area with any of these snakes and DO get bitten, who would sit there holding there leg saying "Oh no, Ive been bitten, and while I know its venomous, I find it more important to ponder where it stands on one mans list. Is it #2 or #3?" No! Its irrelevent! Lets all critcize him because of our own personal INSECURITIES!!! How dare he post infomative material that varies by opinion. Because everything on the internet is 100% accurate, right? To those criticizing his CLEARLY UNDERSTANDABLE ENGLISH, YOU SPEAK HIS NATIVE TONGUE AND SEE HOW CLOSE YOU COME! I bet he does better than you will! Great article. I just plain enjoyed reading about them!

  123. Anonymous said...

    And also, actively seeking out snakes to harm them will only greatly increase the chance of being bitten. However, as a father of two, I sympathize with your desire to protect your children, and hope your child has a total recovery, but am also a snake loving snake owner, and share my knowledge with my children, who have come to love and respect them as well and have a growing hunger for knowledge of snakes. For both you and the snakes sake I can only hope you never cross paths with one another...

  124. Anonymous said...

    When I was 8 yrs. old I was chased by a copper head when I was on my bike and it almost bit my friend and we ran inside. It was the scariest thing we ever saw. Luckly we saw it(and it's fangs)!If you were their, you would have done the same thing.

  125. Anonymous said...

    Great article Gaurav..! the info has definitely been very enlightening and I also liked the fact that you mentioned the type of venom the snake produces. But like many others here I was wondering if you have some idea about venomous lizards (the bearded lizard found in mexico and the Gila monster) and venomous spiders (black widow, funnelweb and the banana (wandering) spider)..... Arjun from Bangalore

  126. Anonymous said...

    Not bad... not bad at all, Gaurav. I appreciate all your efforts to write this article. You have helped me a lot as well as entertain me.
    As for Dr.Ronald, your attitude is really inappropriate. If you are a "professor" like you claims to be, why don't you try to write an article rather than critisizing people? I doubt you can write an article 100% mistake-proof.
    Once again, great work, Gaurav. Keep it up.

    -Anonymous

  127. Anonymous said...

    great work. And for your information, Dr. Ronald, his article is totaly understandable, why don't you try to write an article and lets see how "great" your article is! If you don't like it, then don't read it,don't critisize him if your work is no better than his! Why should he delete it? I like his work perfectly well!

  128. JP said...

    Dear Gaurav
    Thank You so much for an interesting ,and highly enlightening article .As an inhabitant and fellow resident of the shy yet aggressive black mamba of Africa ,
    I have realized through many ordeals that whether a snake is only slightly or highly venomous that we must respect these beautiful creatures . I thank you for satisfying my many misconceptions sir and putting them straight .
    Please continue to show through your writing the passion you have for this species . And if possible sir whether you could supply more information on immediate medical treatment for the mamba family .
    Yours sincerely
    JP

  129. Chuck @ crewchief1949@msn.com said...

    Dear Dr./Mr. Gaurav,
    I just finished reading & viewing your wonderful article on "top ten venomous snakes in the world" & found it to be very, very useful & knowledgeable. I only wish I had read it earlier. I live in Washington State on the west side of the Cascades where we don't have venomous snakes, they have them on the east side. Please keep up the great work. Thanks, Chuck AKA:Former Marine In Vietnam. P.S. Don't let the Idiots sway you. You did FINE. Besides, they should proofread their own comments before telling your article needs proofreading. Semper Fi Doc.

  130. Anonymous said...

    most toxic venom of the land snakes ,as far as I know,belongs to black mamba. you're out in 15-20 minutes.

  131. Anonymous said...

    Dear Gaurav,
    From reading the comments and your responses to them, i was led to believe you were very smartly only responding to queries made by intelligent individuals however i was disappointed to see that you responded to a completely offensive and hypocritical statement by "Prof. Dr. J. D. Ronald." Firstly let me say i highly doubt this "person" is even a real professor as i do not believe an actual professor would post such hypocrisy. he claims your English is bad but reading his own post i am led to believe he barely knows how to use the language himself. for example: "your snakes ranking and data suucks plus your english is f***king worst than average acceptable standards" Did he mean to say "sucks"? (already informal) and did he mean to say "your ranking of the snakes" ? and the blatant use of profanity indicates his inability to express his point in a cultured manner. if he is indeed a professor i highly doubt he would have made such horrific grievances in his post. even if he is a mere impostor his hypocrisy is incredulous! he cant craft a proper paragraph and he wants to insult you? to add to it, English is not your first language but lets take a look at him shall we....Prof. Dr. J. D. Ronald (Toxicologist)
    Australia....well unless the world has seen a really drastic change since I last checked, Australians use English as their Lingua-Franca.... so who is lacking here i wonder. Alas Gaurav i want to tell you your article was truly enriching for many people (you can see the majority of the comments) and there will always be some people out there jealous that you are proving to be far more of an asset to society than they will ever be. Never allow them to hurt you because you know that the ones who are truly degrading the internet are those unable to stem their own jealousy. you have truly helped many people with your post including someone who said she used your post to get a good grade on a test... i am led to believe, so Keep on the good work and ignore those people who really have little to no character.
    yours truly,
    Joseph

  132. Wanjoyo Sudarma Atmaja said...

    info anda Sangat menarik & membantu!..
    Apabila anda tergigit ular berbisa tinggi saya bisa membantu..
    dengan memakai dedaunan penawar bisa ular.
    100% mujarab.
    karena saya sering mengobati Orang yg tergigit Ular....
    dari yg Ular kobra, ular hijau ekor merah, weling, ular picung, Ular bandotan..dsb
    Semoga info saya bermanfa'an..
    Tenks

  133. Anonymous said...

    They forgot the most poisonous type of all - the mother-in-law. Ooh, I can start a huge war here. Seriously I don't know anything about snakes, just wanted to throw a spanner in the works.

  134. Anonymous said...

    I was surprised that you guys say that pet's normally are not as affected by a snakebite. In Paraguay my family just went through a flood and all kinds of snakes came out to find shelter. A neighbour dog got bitten by a Coral snake and was dead after 5 minutes. I found that a little scary.

  135. Anonymous said...

    Thanks alot for the information about snakes. Well, generally speaking Snakes are the fearest animal on this planet while we quote this fear as "SEE AND KILL". another thing is that we must respect the Nature and snakes have the vital role in the natural occurences.

    Thanks,
    Muneeb

  136. Sanjay Kumar said...

    I'm a snake lover too, you article help me to understand further about snakes & venom. Thanks a lot for this fantastic information.

    Regards,
    Jay

  137. Anonymous said...

    For Mudidth Mishra,
    Another beuatuful snake is the sunbeam snake. It also has iridescent scales that reflect light beautifully.

  138. Anonymous said...

    I WILL NOT CALL MY SELF A SNAKE EXPERT. I AM A SNAKE FAN.AND FROM NOW ON I AM YOUR FAN TOO.I AM NOT ONLY AMAZED BY YOUR HARD WORK,BUT BY YOUR ATTITUDE TOO.YOU DID NOT SAY A SINGLE BAD WORD AGAINST THAT FAKE PROFFESSIOR.BOTH MY PARENTS ARE PROFFESSOR,DOCTOR.I KNOW HOW A TEACHER SHOULD RESPONE TO A HARDWORK.MOREOVER HE USED ABUSIVE WORDS.WOW...IF I WERE YOU I WOULD TEAR HIM APART.BUT YOU EVEN DID NOT DELETE HIS ARTICLE..THIS YOUR ARTICLE,NOT MINE.SO I WILL NOT SAY ANYTHING AGAINST THAT PROFFESSIOR JUST TO RESPECT YOU AND AUSTRALIA.I AM KIND OF BUSY IN STUDY TOO.BUT I WILL LOVE TO HELP YOUR ARTICLE.GOD BLESS YOU.I WANT THE INTERNET BURST WITH YOUR ARTICLE.
    I AM NOT SORRY FOR MY BAD ENGLISH ..
    JONTY...FROM INDIA,EARTH.

  139. Anonymous said...

    GABOON VIPER HAS THE LARGEST VENOM TEETH.
    KING COBRA EMITS HIGHEST AMOUNT OF VENOM PER BITE..
    LANCE HEAD OF SOUTH AMERICA AND SAW SCALED VIPER OF INDIA KILLS HIGHEST AMOUNT OF PEOPLE PER YEAR.
    SO THERE ARE PLENTY PLATFORMS ON WHICH TOP TEN LIST CAN BE BUILT.
    BUT I THINK THE MOST APPROPRIATE LIST SHOULD SORTED BY THE CONCENTRATION OF THE VENOM WHEN YOU ARE MAKING A VENOMOUS LIST....SO
    10......DEATH ADDER...AUSTRALIA..LD-50=0.4 MG
    9.......BLACK MAMBA....AFRICA............0.32 MG..
    8......SAW SCALED VIPER...INDIA.....0.24 MG..
    7....BLUE KRAIT.......MALAY,ASIA...0.18 MG
    6....CORAL SNAKE ..N.AMERICA....0.12 MG
    5...TIGER SNAKE ....AUS...0.06 MG
    4....EASTERN BROWN ...AUS...0.03 MG
    3....BEAKED SEA SNAKE..AUS,N.GUIENA...0.02 MG.
    2.INLAND TIPAN...AUS..0.01 MG
    1..BELCHER'S SEA SNAKE...AUS,PHILIPPINES ......0.0001 MG.
    THATS IT....BY THE WAY THIS LIST IS NOT BASED ON HOW QUICKLY A SNAKE CAN KILL..THEN BLACK MAMBA SHOULD RANK MUCH HIGHER..THIS IS BASED ON LD-50..THE LOWER THAT IS THE HIGHER THE RANK...
    ALSO FOR THE PEOPLE WHO ARE LOOKING FOR BOOMSLANG ..BOOM WILL BE AT 11 IN THIS LIST AS THE MOST POISONOUS COLUBRID,[SNAKE WHO HAS VENOM TEEH AT BACK MOUTH ]..
    I AM NOT MR.PERFECT SO I REQUEST TO BIG BRO GAURAV TO COMMENT ON THIS.
    JONTY,INDIA,EARTH

  140. Gaurav Akrani said...

    Jonty Brother,

    I completely agree with you on your remark...

    "THERE ARE PLENTY OF PLATFORMS ON WHICH TOP TEN LIST CAN BE BUILT."

    Individual opinion vary on ranks. Whatever the rank of snakes may be each of these creatures are extremely lethal. Knowledge of them is crucial for our own and others' safety.

    Thanks for contributing your own list.

  141. Anonymous said...

    I WATCHED STEVE BAGSHALL DEADLY 60, ACCORDING TO HIM THE MOST DEADLY SNAKE IS THE FEAR SNAKE OF AUSTRALIA? NO MENTION OF IT ABOVE.

  142. William Vassiliou said...

    Why isn't the eastern brown snake second on this list. The eastern brown snake is easily the second most venomous snake in the world, just behind the inland taipan. With all due respect, you need to research the eastern brown snake because you have the tiger snake on your list and the brown snake is far more venomous than the tiger snake.

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