1. Qualification and Qualities
If the superiors and subordinates are well-qualified, trained, experienced, and if they are experts in their jobs then the span of control will be wide and vice-versa.
Image Credits © Heinz College
2. Level of Management
If the superiors are working at the top-level of management, then they have more responsibilities. Therefore, their span of control will be narrow and vice-versa.
3. Nature of Work
If the work is difficult then the span of control is narrow and vice-versa.
4. Superior - Subordinates Relationship
If there are good relations between the superior and subordinates, then the span of control will be wide and vice-versa.
5. Degree of Centralisation
Under decentralisation, the superior has to take fewer decisions. Therefore, he can have a wide span of control. However, under centralisation, the superior has to take many decisions. Therefore, he should have a narrow span of control.
6. Use of Communication Technology
If face-to-face communication is used, then the span of control will be narrow. However, if electronic devices are used for communication then the span of control will be wide.
7. Financial position of the Prganisation
If the organisation has a good financial position, then it can have a narrow span of control. This is because a narrow span requires more managers. More managers will increase the compensation or wage bill of the organisation. However, if the organisation has a bad financial position, then it will be forced to have a wide span of control.
8. Clearity of Plans and Responsibilities
If the plans are clear and if the responsibilities are well-defined, then the span of control will be wide. This is because the subordinates will not have to go and consult their superior repeatedly for getting orders and guidance.
9. Time available for Subordinates
If the superior is busy with another work, and if he has less time for his subordinates then his span of control will be narrow and vice-versa.
10. Faith and Trust in Subordinates
If the superior has good faith, trust and confidence in his subordinates then the span of control can be wider.